In relation to EV adoption across the world, how important is the establishment of the CCS as standard for charging battery-powered EVs of all kinds?
"Due to the unique and future oriented system approach including high power charging and state of the art communication technology, CCS supports the customer adoption of electromobility and secures industry investments into a new technology."
What are the main barriers preventing CCS as standard, and how can they be overcome?
"CCS is already standard in Europe and in the US (and countries following the US standards). Specific national regulations with no explicit benefit for the customer as well as proprietary closed systems are not a danger, but would lead to an intermediate multi system development. The best and most accepted system should be the defacto standard. A standard in just one country or in just one car brand is not a real standard. CharIN is open for discussions to drive one world standard. Tesla is already member of CharIN, we had a first exchange with a CHAdeMO-Representative to figure out the common baseline."
Where in the world CSS will take off first, and how can other countries follow suit to make it global?
"CCS already took off in Europe and in US! All ACEA members are committed concerning the rollout of CCS by 2017, in the US CCS is the only standard! The European directive on charging standards requests CCS as mandatory on public charging infrastructure, the German implementation has taken into effect in March 2016. The next market could be India, with no legacy and the opportunity to decide by price/performance. Korean car manufactures are expected to use CCS at least for the markets in Europe and US."
What approach needs to be taken with the construction of new charging stations - do you think that those involved need to carefully plan out the best locations and technologies for charging, or is it necessary to roll out infrastructure as quick as possible?
"To fulfill the customer’s expectation we do need charging stations working by 100%, easily accessible and connected to the backend for additional support. Quality is the key for customer satisfaction much more than quick availability, to give trust in new technology is a major task. To ensure interoperability of cars and charging infrastructure is one of the main targets of CharIN and the CCS system approach."
What are your expectations for the charging infrastructure over the next 5-10 years?
"We see a broad distribution of CCS as the only worldwide standard. Low volume, non standard priority solutions and standards with a low number of implementing OEMs will just exist in an intermediate timeframe, but will be replaced at least with the next technology step of High Power charging and with the mass production of electric cars based on international standards. National regulations could prevent a 100% coverage, we have to work on a midterm alignment to avoid country depending technologies with additional invests without a customer benefit."